Marianne Fieglhuber was born in Vienna on August 12, 1886. Her mother, neé Zifferer, hailed from St. Pölten, as did her father, who ran a general store and was a well-respected local merchant. She grew up with three sisters and a brother and attended the middle school in the 6th District of Vienna, in Mariahilf. After she finished school, she was expected to work as an accountant in her father's company, but the parents accepted her wish to become an artist and enabled her to study at the art school for women and girls in Vienna where she enrolled in 1904. This institution, founded in 1897, was the first public art school for women in Vienna; prior to that, art had women were only able to take private lessons in painting, sculpture or graphics. She learned the technique of etching from Ludwig Michalek and soon joined the etching club founded by Michalek's students. As a member of the club, she participated in several exhibitions. Her etchings were shown in Vienna, Salzburg and Leipzig.


Marianne Fieglhuber learned the art of painting from Max Kurzweil, Robin Christian Andersen and Egge Sturm-Skrla. In addition, she trained herself artistically and took study trips to France and Italy. She joined the Association of Austrian Artists and took part in their annual exhibitions. Upon her marriage, she adopted the name Fieglhuber-Gutscher and together with her husband moved into an apartment in Sandwirtgasse in Vienna's 6th District she also used as a studio. A short time later, the First World War broke out, and her husband was drafted.  In 1915, their daughter Marianne was born, followed by their son Eduard in 1917. During the war, family obligations left her with little time for her artistic work during. To make things worse, her husband, who never approved of her painting, returned from the war almost a different person and now literally rejected her artistic ambitions. For that reason, only few paintings from the 1920s survive. However, she increasingly seemed to be able to  have things her way over the years because more fruitful phases in her work were to follow. She regularly exhibited at the Künstlerhaus and the Vienna Secession in the 1930s. The political developments of the late 1930s had a negative impact of her work. Marianne Fieglhuber-Gutscher was critical of the "Anschluss", the annexation of Austria by Nazi Germany, not least because some of her friends were Jewish.


She reportedly did not attend Hitler's rally on Vienna’s Heldenplatz in 1938. She spent the beginning of the Second World War with her family in the apartment in Vienna and later in the family's second home, a small house in Kasten near Böheimkirchen. After the war ended, she returned to live in the apartment in Vienna's 6th Disctrict. From the 1950s onward, she commuted between Vienna and Gratkorn near Graz, where her now married daughter lived with her family. In 1956 she was commissioned for the first and only time in her career to carry out a piece of art for the public space. For the facade of the newly built residential complex at Rechberggasse 16-20 in Vienna's 10th district, she created the “Family” mosaic. In 1968, the artist also designed a stained glass window for the Cistercian monastery in Rein. It was created on the occasion of the 800th anniversary of the diocese of Graz Seckau and shows the last communion of Saint Eberhard, archbishop of Salzburg.

After the death of her husband, a new life began for Marianne Fieglhuber-Gutscher. She took part in numerous organized study trips that took her to Spain, Egypt, Belgium, Holland, Sweden, Norway, Greece, Scotland, and Finland. She set up another studio at her daughter's apartment in Gratkorn, Graz.The time had finally come for he to paint without restrictions and devote herself to the constant development of her mind by reading and listening to music. She joined the Styrian Association of Fine Artists but continued to participate in cultural events in Vienna and art shows there, for example at the Künstlerhaus. In 1977, her works were shown in the Austrian gallery in the Upper Belvedere in Vienna. Marianne Fieglhuber-Gutscher died on January 20, 1978 at the age of 92 in Graz. Her grave is at the cemetery in Kasten.


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